Gender-Based Violence and HIV
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Gender inequities and related violence have been well-documented by leading public health authorities (e.g. WHO) as primary contributing elements of the HIV epidemic among women. Gender-based violence, as well as gender norms that promote male dominance, have been demonstrated to inhibit women’s condom negotiating power with male sexual partners, and increase women’s risk for HIV. More recent work has also found that males who perpetrate violence are more likely to test positive for HIV/STI than males who do not report perpetration, and thereby heightening risk among their female partners as well. Furthermore, gender inequities reduce women’s access to material goods, resources, social mobility, as well as other life opportunities; these social and economic disparities play a critical role in increasing women’s HIV risk. Our research focuses on the intersection between gender inequities, gender violence, and women’s risk for HIV through epidemiologic research aimed to inform future programmatic and policy HIV prevention efforts.