Dr. Lotus McDougal


Lotus McDougal, PhD, MPH, is a public health scientist trained in quantitative data analyses, reproductive and maternal and child health, and monitoring and evaluation in low and middle income countries.   Her areas of interest include service utilization along the reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health continuum of care (RMNCH CoC), gender equity, and prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV.  Current research is focused on the health implications of RMNCH CoC utilization (globally) and gender inequities (in South Asia).

Dr. McDougal has served as a consultant for UNICEF and UNAIDS, and has worked for the Clinton Health Access Initiative on programs across Africa and Asia, and the American Refugee Committee on the Thai-Burma border.  She holds a PhD in Public Health (Global Health) from the University of California, San Diego / San Diego State University, an MPH in International Public Health and a Certificate in Managing Complex Humanitarian Emergencies from Boston University, and BA in biological anthropology from Swarthmore College.


1. McDougal L, Atmavilas Y, Hay K, Silverman JG, Tarigopula UK, Raj A. (2017) Making the continuum of care work for mothers and infants: Does gender equity matter? Findings from a quasi-experimental study in Bihar, India.  PLoS ONE: 12(2): e0171002. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171002.

2. McDougal L, Rusch ML, Silverman JG, Raj A. (2016) Linkages within the reproductive and maternal health continuum of care in Bangladesh 2011.  Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health: 28(5) 423-437. doi: 10.1177/1010539516654539.

3. Raj A, McDougal L, Reed E, Silverman JG. (2015) Associations of marital violence with different forms of contraception: cross-sectional findings from South Asia. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics: 130(Suppl 3): E56-E61. doi:10.1016/j.ijgo.2015.03.013.
4. Raj A, McDougal L. (2015) Associations of intimate partner violence with unintended pregnancy and pre-pregnancy contraceptive use in South Asia. Contraception: 91(6): 456-463. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2015.03.008.

5. Raj A, McDougal L, Silverman JG. (2014) Gendered Effects of Siblings on Child Malnutrition in South Asia: Cross-sectional analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys from Bangladesh, India, and Nepal. In press: MCH Journal.

6. Raj A, McDougal L. (2014) Sexual violence and rape in India. Lancet:383(9920): 865. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60435-9.

7. Alfven T, McDougal L, Frescura L, Aran C, Amler P, Gill W.  (2014) A Decade of investments in monitoring the HIV epidemic: How far how we come?  Health Research Policy and Systems:12(1):62. doi:10.1186/1478-4505-12-62.

8. Raj A, McDougal L, Rusch M. (2014) Effects of Young Motherhood and Short Interpregnancy Interval on Infant Mortality in South Asia.  International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics: 124(1): 86-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2013.07.027.

9. McDougal L, Moteetee M, Mohai F, Mphale M, Mahanty B, Montaung B, Ankrah V, Reynolds M, Legins K, Tiam A, Luo C, McClure C, Binkin N. (2012) Lesotho’s Minimum PMTCT Package: lessons learned for combating vertical HIV transmission using co-packaged medicines. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 15(2): 17326. doi: 10.7448/IAS.15.2.17326.

10. Raj A, McDougal L, Rusch M. (2012) Changes in Prevalence of Girl Child Marriage in South Asia.  JAMA. 2012;307(19):2027-2029. doi: 10.1001/jama.2012.3497.