Dr. Laramie Smith

Laramie R. Smith, PhD, is an Assistant Professor and behavioral health scientist whose research focuses on the prevention and treatment needs of HIV-affected and medically underserved communities. Dr. Smith received her BA in Psychology and minor in American Cultural Studies from Western Washington University, and her PhD in Social Psychology from the University of Connecticut. During her doctoral training she was awarded a NIH pre-doctoral (F31 MH093264-01) National Research Service Award to develop and evaluate a theory-based approach to retention in HIV care in the Bronx, NY. Through a complimentary line of research, Dr. Smith continues to investigate mechanisms through which HIV-, Drug Use-, and Methadone Maintenance- related stigmas disrupt individuals’ prevention and treatment behaviors.

During her doctoral training Dr. Smith worked at the Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention (CHIP) on a large prevention for positives intervention RCT in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Extending from this trial, she integrated her work on HIV prevention and retention in HIV care to investigate and support the needs of newly diagnosed patients in this population who were not yet eligible for antiretroviral therapy. Prior to her doctoral training, Dr. Smith worked on the CDC’s National HIV/AIDS Behavioral Surveillance study with the Seattle/King-County Department of Public Health’s HIV/AIDS Program, and was engaged in research examining the intersection of substance use and housing vulnerabilities among adolescent and adult populations at the University of Washington.

Her research interests include infectious disease prevention, treatment, and care; health disparities; medically vulnerable/underserved populations; LGBT health; health behavior theory; intervention development and evaluation; structural equation modeling.

1. Fisher JD, Smith L. Secondary prevention of HIV infection: the current state of
prevention for positives. Current opinion in HIV and AIDS. 2009; 4(4):279-87.
NIHMSID: NIHMS202779 PubMed [journal] PMID: 19532065, PMCID: PMC2943375

2. Simoni JM, Amico KR, Smith L, Nelson K. Antiretroviral adherence interventions:
translating research findings to the real world clinic. Current HIV/AIDS reports.
2010; 7(1):44-51. NIHMSID: NIHMS384072 PubMed [journal] PMID: 20425057, PMCID:

3. Fisher JD, Smith LR, Lenz EM. Secondary prevention of HIV in the United States:
past, current, and future perspectives. Journal of acquired immune deficiency
syndromes (1999). 2010; 55 Suppl 2:S106-15. NIHMSID: NIHMS252996 PubMed [journal]
PMID: 21406979, PMCID: PMC3076002

4. Cornman DH, Christie S, Shepherd LM, MacDonald S, Amico KR, Smith LR, Shuper PA,
Adelaja A, Mahlase G, Fröhlich JA, Pillay S, Lalloo UG, Fisher WA, Fisher JD.
Counsellor-delivered HIV risk reduction intervention addresses safer sex barriers
of people living with HIV in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Psychology & health.
2011; 26(12):1623-41. PubMed [journal] PMID: 21745150

5. Smith LR, Fisher JD, Cunningham CO, Amico KR. Understanding the behavioral
determinants of retention in HIV care: a qualitative evaluation of a situated
information, motivation, behavioral skills model of care initiation and
maintenance. AIDS patient care and STDs. 2012; 26(6):344-55. PubMed [journal]
PMID: 22612447, PMCID: PMC3366334

6. Earnshaw VA, Smith LR, Chaudoir SR, Lee IC, Copenhaver MM. Stereotypes about
people living with HIV: implications for perceptions of HIV risk and testing
frequency among at-risk populations. AIDS education and prevention : official
publication of the International Society for AIDS Education. 2012; 24(6):574-81.
NIHMSID: NIHMS468272 PubMed [journal] PMID: 23206205, PMCID: PMC3641644

7. Smith LR, Amico KR, Shuper PA, Christie S, Fisher WA, Cornman DH, Doshi M,
MacDonald S, Pillay S, Fisher JD. Information, motivation, and behavioral skills
for early pre-ART engagement in HIV care among patients entering clinical care in
KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIDS care. 2013; 25(12):1485-90. NIHMSID:
NIHMS452268 PubMed [journal] PMID: 23477286, PMCID: PMC4196878

8. Earnshaw V, Smith L, Copenhaver M. Drug Addiction Stigma in the Context of
Methadone Maintenance Therapy: An Investigation into Understudied Sources of
Stigma. International journal of mental health and addiction. 2013;
11(1):110-122. NIHMSID: NIHMS409313 PubMed [journal] PMID: 23956702, PMCID:

9. Earnshaw VA, Smith LR, Chaudoir SR, Amico KR, Copenhaver MM. HIV stigma
mechanisms and well-being among PLWH: a test of the HIV stigma framework. AIDS
and behavior. 2013; 17(5):1785-95. NIHMSID: NIHMS451625 PubMed [journal] PMID:
23456594, PMCID: PMC3664141

10. Earnshaw VA, Smith LR, Shuper PA, Fisher WA, Cornman DH, Fisher JD. HIV stigma
and unprotected sex among PLWH in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a longitudinal
exploration of mediating mechanisms. AIDS care. 2014; 26(12):1506-13. NIHMSID:
NIHMS608092 PubMed [journal] PMID: 25040218, PMCID: PMC4188743

11. Auerbach JD, Smith LR. Theoretical Foundations of Research Focused on HIV
Prevention Among Substance-Involved Women: A Review of Observational and
Intervention Studies. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999).
2015; 69 Suppl 2:S146-54. NIHMSID: NIHMS778014 PubMed [journal] PMID: 25978481,
PMCID: PMC5283861

12. Earnshaw VA, Smith LR, Cunningham CO, Copenhaver MM. Intersectionality of
internalized HIV stigma and internalized substance use stigma: Implications for
depressive symptoms. Journal of health psychology. 2015; 20(8):1083-9. NIHMSID:
NIHMS753866 PubMed [journal] PMID: 24170015, PMCID: PMC4753572

13. Pitpitan EV, Smith LR, Goodman-Meza D, Torres K, Semple SJ, Strathdee SA,
Patterson TL. "Outness" as a Moderator of the Association Between Syndemic
Conditions and HIV Risk-Taking Behavior Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in
Tijuana, Mexico. AIDS and behavior. 2016; 20(2):431-8. NIHMSID: NIHMS720016
PubMed [journal] PMID: 26324079, PMCID: PMC4755893

14. Smith LR, Patterson TL, Magis-Rodriguez C, Ojeda VD, Burgos JL, Rojas SA, Zúñiga
ML, Strathdee SA. Engagement in the HIV Care Continuum among Key Populations in
Tijuana, Mexico. AIDS and behavior. 2016; 20(5):1017-25. NIHMSID: NIHMS722210
PubMed [journal] PMID: 26354518, PMCID: PMC4785089

15. Smith LR, Earnshaw VA, Copenhaver MM, Cunningham CO. Substance use stigma:
Reliability and validity of a theory-based scale for substance-using populations.
Drug and alcohol dependence. 2016; 162:34-43. NIHMSID: NIHMS764222 PubMed
[journal] PMID: 26972790, PMCID: PMC5293183

16. Dangerfield DT 2nd, Smith LR, Williams J, Unger J, Bluthenthal R. Sexual
Positioning Among Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Narrative Review. Archives of
sexual behavior. 2016; PubMed [journal] PMID: 27178171

17. Simoni JM, Smith L, Oost KM, Lehavot K, Fredriksen-Goldsen K. Disparities in
Physical Health Conditions Among Lesbian and Bisexual Women: A Systematic Review
of Population-Based Studies. Journal of homosexuality. 2017; 64(1):32-44.
NIHMSID: NIHMS818073 PubMed [journal] PMID: 27074088, PMCID: PMC5063711