Dr. Eileen V. Pitpitan

Dr. Eileen V. Pitpitan 

Eileen V. Pitpitan, Ph.D. is a social psychologist by training. Her research focuses on using advanced quantitative methods to examine the social and structural factors associated with - and mechanisms driving - behavioral risks for HIV. Dr. Pitpitan’s research focuses on disadvantaged and stigmatized populations, including substance users. She has worked with alcohol users in Cape Town, South Africa, and drug-using male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. Some of the social and structural factors she examines in her work include syndemic conditions (e.g., poor mental health, substance use, violence), stigma, gender norms, and variables measured at the venue- or context-level (e.g., alcohol norms). Her methodological interests include conditional process modeling (i.e., moderated mediation), multilevel modeling, and structural equation modeling.  Dr. Pitpitan earned her doctoral degree at the University of Connecticut and received postdoctoral research experience at the Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention and UCSD prior to her current position as Assistant Professor.

epitpitan@ucsd.edu

“Dismantling the Chain: The Link between Gender-based Violence and HIV in South African Women” highlights some of Dr. Pitpitan’s research by the Public Health Association of South Africa

Commentary in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine on Dr. Pitpitan’s syndemic research in South Africa

Selected peer-reviewed publications:

  1. Pratto, F. & Pitpitan, E.V. (2008). Ethnocentrism and sexism: How stereotypes legitimize six types of power. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 2159-2176.
  2. Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Eaton, L.A., Cain, D., Sikkema, K.J., Skinner, D., Watt, M.H., & Pieterse, D. (2012). AIDS-related stigma, HIV testing, and transmission risk among patrons of informal drinking places in Cape Town, South Africa. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 43, 362-371. PMCID: 3565536
  3. Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Eaton, L.A., Cain, D., Sikkema, K.J., Skinner, D., Watt, M.H., & Pieterse, D. (2012). Gender-based violence, alcohol use, and sexual risk among female patrons of informal drinking places in Cape Town, South Africa. Journal of Behavioral Medicine (epub: 2012 Apr 19)
  4. Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Eaton, L.A., Sikkema, K.J., Watt, M.H., & Skinner, D. (2012). Gender-based violence and HIV sexual risk behavior: Alcohol use and mental health problems as mediators among women in drinking venues in Cape Town, South Africa. Social Science and Medicine, 75, 1417-1425. PMCID: 3425436
  5. Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Cain, D., Eaton, L.A., Carey, K.B., Carey, M.P., Harel, O., Simbayi, L.C., Mehlomakhulu, V., & Mwaba, K. (2012). Condom negotiation, HIV testing, and HIV risks among women from alcohol serving venues in Cape Town, South Africa. PLoS ONE, 7: e45631 (epub: 2012 Oct 2)
  6. Kalichman, S. C., Pitpitan, E., Eaton, L., Cain, D., Carey, K.B., Carey, M.P., Harel, O., Mehlomakhulu, V., Simbayi, L.C., & Mwaba, K. (2012). Bringing it home: community survey of HIV risks to primary sex partners of men and women in alcohol serving establishments in Cape Town, South Africa. Sexually Transmitted infection (epub: 2012 Dec 13)
  7. Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Eaton, L.A., Cain, D., Sikkema, K.J., Watt, M.H., Skinner, D., & Pieterse, D. (2013). Co-occurring psychosocial problems and HIV risk among women attending drinking venues in a South African township: A syndemic approach. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45, 153-162. PMCID: 3578969
  8. Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Eaton, L.A., Strathdee, S.A., & Patterson, T.L. (2013). HIV/STI risk among venue-based female sex workers across the globe: A look back and the way forward. Current HIV/AIDS Reports, 10, 65-78. PMCID: 3567216
  9. Eaton, L.A., Kalichman, S.C., Pitpitan, E.V., Cain, D.N., Watt, M.H., Sikkema, K.J., Skinner, D., & Pieterse, D. (2013). The relationship between attending alcohol serving venues nearby versus distant to one's residence and sexual risk taking in a South African township. Journal of Behavioral Medicine (epub: 2013 Feb 13)
  10. Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Eaton, L.A., Watt, M.H., Sikkema, K.J., Skinner, D., Pieterse, D. & Cain, D. (2013). Men (and women) as "sellers" of sex in alcohol-serving venues in Cape Town, South Africa. Prevention Science (epub: 2013 Mar 14)
  11. Eaton, L.A., Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Sikkema, K.J., Skinner, D., Watt, M.H., Pieterse, D. (2013). Men who report recent male and female sex partners in Cape Town, South Africa: An understudied and underserved population. Archives of Sexual Behavior (epub: 2013 Mar 22)
  12. Pitpitan, E.V., Wagner, K.D., Goodman-Meza, D., Semple, S.A., Chavarin, C., Strathdee, S.A., & Patterson, T.L. (2013). Context matters: The moderating role of bar context in the association between substance use during sex and condom use among male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. AIDS and Behavior, 17, 2577-87. PMCID: 23640653
  13. Wagner, K.D., Pitpitan, E.V., Chavarin, C.V., Magis-Rodriguez, & Patterson, T.L. (2013). Drug using male clients of female sex workers who also report being paid for sex: HIV/sexually transmitted infection, demographic and drug use correlates. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 40, 619-623. PMCID: 23863514
  14. Pitpitan, E.V., Strathdee, S.A., Semple, S.J., Wagner, K.D., Chavarin, C.V., Earnshaw, V.A., & Patterson, T.L. (2013). Perceived stigma of purchasing sex among Latino and non-Latino male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. (epub: 2013 Aug 25). PMCID: 23979714
  15. Eaton, L.A., Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Sikkema, K.J., Skinner, D., Watt, M.H., Pieterse, D., & Cain, D., (2014). Beliefs about fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among men and women at alcohol serving establishments in South Africa. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 40, 87-94. PMCID: 24588417
  16. Eaton, L.A., Cain, D.N., Pitpitan, E.V., Carey, K.B., Carey, M.P., Mehlomakalu, V., Simbayi, L.C., Mwaba, K., & Kalichman, S.C. (2014). Exploring the relationships among food insecurity, alcohol use, and sexual risk raking among men and women living in South African Townships. Journal of Primary Prevention. (epub: 2013 May 8). PMCID: 24806889
  17. Pitpitan, E.V., Chavarin, C.V., Semple, S.J., Magis-Rodriguez, C., Strathdee, S.A., & Patterson, T.L. (2014). Hombre Seguro (Safe Men): A sexual risk reduction intervention for male clients of female sex workers. BMC Public Health. (epub: 2014 May 20). PMCID: 24885959.
  18. Pitpitan, E.V., Semple, S, J., Zians, J., Strathdee, S.A., & Patterson, T.L. (in press). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for HIV-negative heterosexual meth users: The FASTLANE II intervention. Cognitive Behavioral Practice.
  19. Goodman-Meza, D., Pitpitan, E.V., Strathdee, S.A, Semple, S.J., Wagner, K.D., Chavarin, C.V., & Patterson, T. L. (in press). Hazardous drinking and HIV risk-related behavior among male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. American Journal on Addictions.
  20. Pitpitan, E.V., Kalichman, S.C., Garcia, R., Cain, D., Eaton, L., & Simbayi, L. C. (in press). Mediators of Behavior Change Resulting from a Sexual Risk Reduction Intervention for STI Patients, Cape Town, South Africa. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Research Projects:

  1. Funding source: NIDA K01 DA036447-01
  2. UCSD Center for AIDS RESEARCH (CFAR) Developmental Grant

Courses Taught:

FPM 280B – Health Behavior Practicum: Data Analysis