Family Planning and Maternal and Child Health
The World Bank reports that of all the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the least progress has been made on MDG5, to reduce maternal deaths by 75% and to provide universal access to reproductive health services from 1990 to 2015. As we approach 2015, we can see only a 50% reduction in maternal deaths since 1990, and 140 million women worldwide indicate unmet need for family planning. Our research documents that women and girls contending with early and forced marriage, violence from spouses and in-laws, and family son preference are less likely to engage in effective family planning and more likely to report unplanned and unintended pregnancies. Based on this evidence, we have developed and evaluated family planning interventions that integrate gender equity training and partner violence prevention in South Asia and the United States.